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Western Europe 600-1450 COT
Posted by Paul Davis on 11/20/2017
Today we familiarized ourselves with the term "backwater" and had the old country mouse city mouse debate over competing narratives. In this case, Western Europe was more the country mouse living in somewhat isolated feudalism, fearful of offending God and often made up of 90% poor iliterate peasantry while the Chinese and Muslim world were the urbane mouse living advanced sophisticated existences though learning and long dstance trade. History if often a horese race and by 1450, Western Europe was lagging behind in last place although had just recently joined. The crusades, Mongol reopening of the silk routes and comercial revolution saw Europe reintroduced to ideas which were being utilized by the Muslim and Chinese worlds for centuries. The most dynamic ideas were 40 degrees noth latitude in what historian Linda Schaeffer refers to as "Southernization while Muslim and Chinese worlds will dominate, Europe wouls eventually crash that party. So today's narrative is a view as to what Europe did to join the race....
I. FRom 600-1450 in Western Europe the increase in trade would see the rise of a new class which would challenge the supremecay of the nobility, the consolidation of kingdoms through wars would see developments in borders and even government, however, the role of the Catholic church would persevere as a means to save souls and unify a still decentralized Western Europe.
II. The bourgeosie would facilitate the new trade coming from the "East" by commencing in new trading towns forming guilds and regulating everything from price to the interest on loans now relaxed by the church. This commercial revolution saw the increase in wealthy cities and excercised joint stock companies to use wealth derived from trade to finance other commercial expeditions including that of Marco Polo.
III. Wars to consolidate Kingdoms from teh Spanish reconquista to the 100 years war would secure Kingdom borders and even create innovative limits on monarchal power like the Magna Carta. Innovations in warfare and governance would increase in importants for kings to consolidate power across the manors and limits placed on those who weilded too much power to enumerate rights of teh land holding elites.
IV. 30 per cent of landholders was teh Catholic church who utilized the Papal ifallability to collect meny for indulgences, tithings and even remission of sins. Having sway over all adherents in Western Europe and providing a worldview in a time of chaos and warfare, the church continued ro provide guidance and aid in monasteries, churches and record keeping through the 7 sacraments.
Well, I hope you read ch 10 and never forget to always be awesome!!!!!!