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Comparing Islam 600-1450
Posted by Paul Davis on 11/15/2017
Islam was a strong belief system spreading along trade routes, offering the promise of salvation, uniting a community of followers(Umma). The merchant diasporic communites would reconvene in thriving trade entropots(cities) located along the Indian Ocean, Trans-Sahara, Silk Roads, Mediterranean and appeal to provide laws(Sharia) worlviews ( 5 pillars) and a lingua franca ( unifying language) Arabic. Its uncanny ability to adopt and adapt was probably facilitated by jurist (Ulema) and judges (Ulema) interpretation of these laws and it taking a stance on universalizing and benefitting indivisduals wherever it went elevating the status of women, nomads and even slaves ( a Muslim could not enslave a fellow Muslim and the Zakat would often grant manuymission or freedom from enslavement). It ability to take advances in science, mathematics and literature from the Classical Greco-Roma, Persian and Indian world and advance upon those ideas in Arabic led to a global golden age with teh House of Wisdom situated in Baghdad ( MIddle East). Muslim merchants would traverse maritime and overland routes to visit cities of interest with a welcome mosque calling all to prayer unifying travelers no matter the race, ethnicity or religion as Jews and Christians were granted Dhimmi status (people of the book) payinh the jizy ( non-Muslim head tax. With that said, let;s try a comparative:
I From 600-1450 in West Africa and South Asia Islam would spread along lucrative trade routes where Muslim diasporic communities would give rise to state-Sponsored Islam, the Islamic scholarship would adopt and adapt greak works of the classical world to facilitate learning throughout the region , however, the appeal of Islam would elevate the status of Women in India ending Sati in areas while Africa's status was already elevated through matrilineal bridewealth.
II. The Trans-Saharan and Indian Ocean trade would connect Muslim diasporic communities and increase leading to the rise of Kingdoms like Mali in Africa and the Delhi Sultanate in India providing justice through Sharia and regulating trade. Islam served to provide judges and jurists to fairly dole out the regulation of governace in regions which were formely decentralized and now connected through Islam and trade.
III. Th eadopting of Indian medicine and mathematics advanced knowldge of the world and Mansa Musa's pilgrimage bringing back engineers and doctors made learning more connected through Islamic scholarship. Muslim scholars would study in schools (Madrassas) great works from Greece, Rome and India on philosophy and math and science to grow closer to Allah to unlock the mysteries of the universe.
IV. Women's status would be unchanged in Sub-Saharan Africa alraedy elevated through brideweath ( dowrys opposite) and matrilineal socities where inheritance was determined by the mother's bloodline while the rejection of Sati and childbrides found a great appeal in India seeing millions converting. Women in Africa were great earners prior to the advent of Islam in cattle raising when Ibn Battuta ( a Musim judge) was aghast at how women spent time alon with men who were not their husbands while the restrictive code of Manu led many to find the right for women to own businesses and divorce in the Sharia a breathe of fresh air.
Well then, I hope this helps. There have been 94 hits so maybe some are using thsi blog. oh, don't forget to be awesome!!!!!!!