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Posted by Elizabeth Napp on 2/28/2013 6:35:00 PM
Word Bank: Furs, Rice, Muslims, Catherine the Great, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Angkor, Zaibatsu, Wudi, Yellow Turban, Sikhism
1- The Chinese emperor who started the imperial university was _______. This emperor made Confucianism the official philosophy of China and his university encouraged Confucian thought. In his imperial university, young men studied for rigorous examinations for government service. Those who passed the examinations found employment in the civil service. Ultimately, the examination system created a bureaucracy based on merit, a meritocracy, as opposed to a bureaucracy based on birth.
2- As the Han dynasty became more powerful and wealthy, the gap between rich and poor grew dangerously large. Poverty, famine, and pestilence contributed to rebellions. The ________ Rebellion was a popular uprising that contributed to the fall of the Han Dynasty. Led by a Daoist faith healer, the rebellion was directed against the tyrannical officials who dominated the emperor. The rebellion itself was controlled within a year but weakened the dynasty which ultimately fell to invaders.
3- The most important new crop introduced into China during the Tang and Song period was fast-ripening or Champa _______. This new strain from Vietnam, along with improved methods of water control and irrigation, spectacularly increased agricultural yields. This new crop was more drought resistant; it could be grown in more places; and it ripened even faster than previous strains. It greatly benefited the Chinese people. It is also important to remember that to feed China’s city people, most Chinese had to remain farmers. This is why many years later when Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party won the civil war, they did so because they had the support of the peasants, China’s majority.
4- Srivijaya and ________ made deep commitments to Buddhism. Srivijaya was a maritime and commercial kingdom that flourished between the 7th and the 13th century in the Malay Archipelago. The kingdom soon extended its influence and controlled the Strait of Malacca. Srivijaya was also a religious center in the region. It adhered to Mahayana Buddhism and soon became the stopping point for Chinese Buddhist pilgrims on their way to India. The other city also made deep commitments to Buddhism and served as a royal center from which a dynasty of Khmer kings ruled one of the largest, most prosperous, and most sophisticated kingdoms in the history of Southeast Asia. There were many changes in architecture and artistic style in this city, and there was a religious movement from the Hindu cult of the god Shiva to that of Vishnu and then to a Mahayana Buddhist cult devoted to the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara.
5- _______ was a syncretic combination of Hinduism and Islam. It was founded in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent by Guru Nanak in the late 15th century. Sikhs do not accept caste but believe in reincarnation and monotheism.
7- The Russians were mainly interested in pushing eastward into Siberia to gain access to _______. Russian occupation began in 1581 with a Cossack expedition. At first the area’s Russian rulers collected tribute, which was paid by the native inhabitants in this commodity as it had been paid to the Mongols. Sadly, many of the Siberian tribes succumbed to exploitation and imported diseases.
8- ________ was the organizer of the Seneca Falls Conference. This American leader in the women’s rights movement formulated in 1848 the first organized demand for woman suffrage in the United States.
10- In 1946, six thousand people died in the Great Calcutta Killing in a confrontation between Hindus and _______. These communal riots took place in 1946, when the partition of British India became imminent and tensions between these two groups reached their height.