Quiz #63

Posted by Elizabeth Napp on 2/27/2013 11:30:00 AM

Doumbek Quiz


Word Bank:  Monsoon Winds, Swahili, Córdoba, Mandate System, Axum, Confucius, John Maynard Keynes, Shi Huangdi, Olmecs, Silla


1-   The _______ angered the Arab world because it was little more than a glorified form of imperialism.  It also made the rest of the world think that the Europeans were intent on reestablishing imperialism.  Following the defeat of Germany and Ottoman Turkey in World War I, their Asian and African possessions, which were judged not yet ready to govern themselves, were distributed among the victorious Allied powers under the authority of Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations (itself an Allied creation). The mandate system was a compromise between the Allies’ wish to retain the former German and Turkish colonies and their pre-Armistice declaration (November 5, 1918) that annexation of territory was not their aim in the war.


2-   In response to the Great Depression, the economist ________ urged governments to expand the money supply and undertake public works to create jobs.  It is important to remember that a rise in unemployment and a dramatic decrease in industrial production and trade occurred during the Great Depression and caused very real human suffering on a global scale.  Prior to the Great Depression, economists believed in laissez-faire or that governments should not intervene in the market for the market would fix itself.  However, this economist believed that government intervention in a severe financial contraction could alleviate human suffering and restore an economy.


3-   _______ was a Christian kingdom in Ethiopia.  The variety of Christianity practiced in this kingdom was Coptic.  At its height (3rd-6th century), it became the greatest market of northeastern Africa; its merchants traded as far as Alexandria and beyond the Nile River.


4-   The success and timing of trade through the Indian Ocean basin largely depended upon understanding the rhythms of the _______.  The Arabs sailed in the Indian Ocean with its help.  Of course, a factor in determining trade routes is the necessity of understanding weather patterns.  Indeed, as trade intensified between Africa and Asia, powerful city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa. These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, and Malindi.


5-   Many of the merchants from the Arabian Peninsula, India, and Southeast Asia stayed in the city-states of East Africa as a result of Indian Ocean Trade. Interracial marriages were not uncommon, and gradually over the centuries, a new and distinct ethnic group developed, known as the ________. Today millions of people of this ethnic group live in the nations of East Africa, where the language is widely spoken. The city-states of this ethnic group steadily grew and prospered, and were a major world economic power by the 1400s.  The language a Bantu language with Arabic words.


6-   _______ was the Chinese emperor who was notorious for his hatred of Confucianism and his burning of books.  This ruler established a precedent for centralized imperial rule in China by disarming regional military forces.  As a proponent of Legalism, he believed that clear and strict laws were essential to control human nature.  He also believed that the foundation of a state’s strength was found in its armed forces and agriculture.  



7-   _______, whose practical philosophy is best expressed in the Analects, believed that proper balance and order in human relationships would bring about social and political harmony.  He worked to create junzi, "superior individuals," who possess the needed education and dedication to staff governmental positions.  Certain core values such as ren (benevolence), li (propriety), and xiao (filial piety) were central to his philosophy.  This philosophy greatly influenced the Han Dynasty and many subsequent dynasties in China.



8-   The ______ were the first recognized society in Mesoamerica.  This civilization stretches as far back as 1200 B.C.E. and featured important political and religious centers such as San Lorenzo, La Venta, and Tres Zapotes.  Colossal human-like heads, from sculpted basalt, remain their most characteristic creation.  Their invention of a calendar would later be copied by succeeding Mesoamerican societies.  There is no evidence of a complete system of writing, although scholars suspect that the Olmecs experimented with writing and used written symbols to store information.  Although it is still a mystery, it is believed that the Olmecs destroyed their own centers at San Lorenzo and La Venta.  By 400 B.C.E., they were in a state of decline.


9-   The _______ dynasty in Korea copied China in many ways, it adopted Confucian thought; many Koreans converted to Buddhism; and Korea formed a tributary relationship with China.  However, it never established a bureaucracy based on merit.  In Korea, birth determined status not merit.  In Korea, aristocratic birth mattered.


10- The capital city of al-Andalus was _______.  In 711, an army of Arabs and Berbers from North Africa, united by their faith in Islam, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and arrived on the Iberian Peninsula. In less than a decade, the Muslims brought most of the Iberian Peninsula under their domination; they called the Iberian lands they controlled al-Andalus.  Although the borders of al-Andalus shifted over the centuries, the Muslims remained a powerful force on the peninsula for almost eight hundred years, until 1492, when they were expelled by Ferdinand and Isabella, the king and queen of the newly unified Spain.