(1) Political stability and religious tolerance
(2) Religious conquest and persecution
(3) Isolationism and cultural stagnation
(4) Modernization and political disunity
(1) Rival tribal groups fought wars.
(2) The Berlin Conference of 1884 influenced colonial boundaries.
(3) Traditional territories and culture groups were permanently fragmented.
(4) African economies became dependent on the sale of cash crops and raw materials.
(1) German and French
(2) Indian and Belgian
(3) British and Boer
(4) Ethiopian and Italian
surely do we possess a measure of godlike majesty which ye cannot fathom!
Still we cannot bear to slay or exterminate without previous warning, and
it is for this reason that we now clearly make known to you the fixed
laws of our land. If the foreign merchants of your said honorable nation
desire to continue their commercial intercourse, they then must
tremblingly obey our recorded statutes, they must cut off forever the
source from which the opium flows, and on no account make an experiment
of our laws in their own persons! Let then your highness [Queen Victoria]
punish those of your subjects who may be criminal, do not endeavor to
screen or conceal them, and thus you will secure peace and quietness to
your possessions, thus will you more than ever display a proper sense of
respect and obedience, and thus may we unitedly enjoy the common
blessings of peace and happiness. What greater joy! What more complete
felicity [harmony] than this! . . .
— Chinese High Commissioner Lin Zexu’s letter to Queen Victoria
Which event is most directly related to the 19th-century situation described in this passage?
(1) Signing of the Treaty of Nanjing
(2) Russo-Japanese War
(3) Annexation of Korea
(4) Sepoy Rebellion
(1) Create military alliances
(2) Seek self-determination
(3) Reject terrorism
(4) Extend extraterritoriality
• African nations established educational and health care agendas.
• Latin American nations worked with the United States to reduce drug trafficking.
Which conclusion can best be drawn using all of these statements?
(1) The governments of different countries reacted in various ways to the same problem.
(2) Population explosions took place in some countries during the 20th century.
(3) Some countries looked toward other nations to help solve their problems.
(4) Countries have had to address a variety of economic and social problems.
(1) On collective farms
(2) In fortified villages
(3) In urban ghettos
(4) In industrial areas
(1) A knowledge and command of advanced technologies
(2) A rejection of democratic policies and practices
(3) The development of religious and cultural reforms
(4) An extended period of peaceful trade and commerce
(1) Restore stability after a period of conflict or disorder
(2) Address economic concerns by lowering tariffs
(3) Defend human rights by establishing written codes of law
(4) Encourage cultural development through the creation of universities
shall resolutely employ this bomb and all our other superior weapons to
promptly and forcefully end the war.” . . .
This paragraph from a 1945 Allied leaflet warned the
(1) Czechs of a German invasion
(2) Americans in Hawaii of a Japanese attack
(3) Koreans of a Russian invasion
(4) Japanese civilians of a United States attack