— Celia Dugger, “Overfarming African Land
is Worsening Hunger Crisis”
Which problem in sub-Saharan Africa is being
described in this passage?
(1) global warming
(2) acid rain
(1) an overthrow of the government by radical
(2) increased agricultural production based on
(3) a drastic change in the environment based on
(4) decreased food production caused by
Unfortunately, the world is at a point where it
can see the danger from terrorism but not the
cure. Worse still, a cure may not exist."
— Steven Metz, “Can Terrorism Be Cured?,”
The author of this 2006 passage concludes that
(1) has failed to take root
(2) requires a strong military response
(3) is extremely difficult to defeat
(4) will be overcome through diplomacy
(1) diseases carried by insects
(2) wildfires occurring during dry seasons
(3) devastation caused by high winds during the
tropical storm season
(4) demand for timber, farmland, and grazing
• African nations established educational and
health care agendas.
• Latin American nations worked with the
United States to reduce drug trafficking.
Which conclusion can best be drawn using all of
(1) The governments of different countries
reacted in various ways to the same problem.
(2) Population explosions took place in some
countries during the 20th century.
(3) Some countries looked toward other nations
to help solve their problems.
(4) Countries have had to address a variety of
economic and social problems.
“Computer Virus Shuts Down Hundreds of Businesses
“Multinational Corporations Relocate Factories”
These headlines are directly related to
(1) world hunger
(3) global warming
(4) economic interdependence
(1) Abundant arable land has led to prosperity.
(2) Possession of nuclear weaponry has assured a
(3) Economic development has occurred without
(4) A lack of natural resources has not limited
(1) rain forest destruction
(3) air pollution
(1) It reduced the amount of chemical pollutants
in the environment.
(2) It increased food output in many developing
(3) It decreased dependence on fossil fuels.
(4) It attempted to end colonial rule.
(1) reducing literacy rates
(2) weakening traditional values
(3) strengthening caste systems
(4) increasing the isolation of women
(1) Life expectancy in both regions is declining.
(2) The availability of low-cost drugs has cured
most of those infected.
(3) The introduction of awareness programs has
eliminated the threat of the disease.
(4) Newborn babies and young children have not
been affected by the disease.
(1) grain production in India
(2) political freedom in Russia
(3) economic reforms in Cuba
(4) traditional customs in Japan
(1) the mass migration of people
(2) economic stability
(3) an increase in life expectancy
(4) global warming
(1) Too many varieties of crops are being grown.
(2) An excess of investment capital is available.
(3) High rates of illiteracy are limiting economic
(4) A high-calorie diet is causing obesity.
“UN Envoy Makes Plea for War on Global Poverty”
“International Literacy Decade Targets Women”
Which concern do these 21st-century headlines
(1) higher education issues
(2) social and economic issues
(3) cultural literacy
(4) individual responsibility
(1) Cattle raising, farming, and mining in the rain
forest will help the economy.
(2) Manufacturers no longer use the latex
produced by the trees of the rain forest.
(3) People who live in the rain forest are moving
to the cities.
(4) Drug trafficking will decrease when the
protection of the rain forests is gone.
— Tadatoshi Akiba, Mayor of Hiroshima
With which issue is Mayor Akiba most concerned?
(1) depletion of the ozone layer
(2) treatment of infectious diseases
(3) nuclear proliferation
(4) international terrorism
(1) Democracy has failed to gain popular
(2) Religious and ethnic diversity has continued
to cause conflict.
(3) A decrease in population has led to labor
(4) Lack of technology has limited military
• Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) deplete the ozone
• Rivers and seas are polluted throughout the
Which conclusion can best be drawn from these
(1) Modern technology can have serious negative
(2) Today’s environment renews itself.
(3) Only developing nations have environmental
(4) Most environmental problems originate in
(1) cooperation between nations to reduce
pollution and environmental destruction
(2) the development of mass transit systems in
(3) an increase in the worldwide production of oil
(4) a reduction in crop production in some areas
of the world
(1) reinforcing Hindu beliefs
(2) encouraging native arts and crafts
(3) weakening the traditional caste system
(4) increasing the number of farmers
(1) greater international cooperation
(2) increased urbanization
(3) a balance of trade between nations
(4) an increase in space exploration
(1) an unequal distribution of resources
(2) the success of nationalist movements
(3) religious unity between nations
(4) membership in the United Nations
(1) Family planning was successful.
(2) There was an absence of war and conflict.
(3) New medicines and technology were discovered
(4) Famine and other natural disasters increased.
(1) spread of urban centers
(2) nuclear waste disposal
(3) increased immigration
(4) destruction of the rain forests
(1) Nations possessing nuclear weapons should
not have to limit the production of weapons.
(2) The spread of nuclear weapons was a smaller
problem in the 1990s than it was in the 1970s.
(3) The United States and Russia signed the
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaties during the
(4) Only developing nations are concerned about
the spread of nuclear weapons.
“Property Inheritance Still Limited for Women of
“Women in Jordan Form Alliance to Increase
Which conclusion is supported by these headlines?
(1) Equal rights for women continues to be a
(2) Women are not active in political issues.
(3) Women have achieved equality in the area of
(4) Communist governments have insured equal
rights for women.
(1) Great European Plain
(2) Amazon Basin
(3) Deccan Plateau
(4) Great Rift Valley
(1) rapid industrialization of developing economies
(2) better health-care programs
(3) nuclear-powered electric generating facilities
(4) stricter pollution regulations
(1) increased urbanization
(2) global warming
(3) laissez-faire capitalism
(4) the Green Revolution