(1) collapse of Silk Road trade
(2) defeat of Tokugawa Japan
(3) beginning of European exploration
(4) rise of the Mongol Empire
(1) port on the water route to East Asia
(2) major urban and industrial center on the Silk
(3) commercial and cultural center of West Africa
(4) inland city of the Hanseatic League
(1) exploring the Western Hemisphere
(2) leading religious movements
(3) opening trade between Africa and Japan
(4) providing extensive information about lands
(1) sale of slaves to Europeans
(2) creation of colonies on the Mediterranean
(3) taxation on goods brought by Indian
(4) control of the trans-Saharan trade in gold and
(1) mountainous terrain of the Alps
(2) location near the coast of the Mediterranean Sea
(3) navigable waters of the Danube River
(4) ease of travel on the Northern European Plain
• 1346—The plague reached the Black Sea ports
of Caffa and Tana.
• 1347—Italian merchants fled plague-infected
Black Sea ports.
• 1348—The plague became an epidemic in most
of western Europe.
Which conclusion can be made based on these
(1) The plague primarily affected China.
(2) The interaction of people spread the plague.
(3) Port cities were relatively untouched by the
(4) The plague started in western Europe.
(1) increasing the sale of indulgences
(2) installing statues of saints in churches
(3) saying the mass in Latin so the faithful would
(4) printing the Bible in the vernacular so all
could read it
(1) gold and salt
(2) ivory and silk
(3) silver and tea
(4) hardwoods and animal skins
(1) the affairs of the church
(3) the importance of the individual
(4) political theories
(1) Galileo Galilei
(2) Niccolò Machiavelli
(3) William Shakespeare
(4) Johannes Gutenberg
(1) The existence of natural laws was rejected.
(2) Scientists questioned traditional beliefs about
(3) New ideas supported the geocentric theory of
(4) The Bible was used to justify new scientific
(1) revolt by the Moors in Spain
(2) passage of the Act of Supremacy in England
(3) call for the Council of Trent by Pope Paul III
(4) corruption among high officials of the
(1) were land-locked city-states
(2) developed economies based primarily on
(3) became wealthy and powerful as a result of trade
(4) were centers for Islamic learning
(1) Africa remained isolated.
(2) Ottoman power decreased.
(3) Colonies were established in Japan.
(4) Interest in Asian cultures increased.
(1) Secular achievements were emphasized.
(2) Suffrage was granted to men and women.
(3) Most literature was written in Arabic.
(4) Most ancient Greek and Roman ideas were
(1) development of the astrolabe
(2) introduction of the telegraph
(3) improvements to the printing press
(4) creation of the telescope
(1) thought the church lacked structure
(2) disagreed with the sale of indulgences
(3) blamed the church for not curing people who
had the plague
(4) believed that kings should have more power
to appoint clergy
(1) Trade increased between Europe and Asia.
(2) China became isolated from its neighbors.
(3) Warfare between Japan and Vietnam
(4) Europeans conquered the Aztecs and Incas.
(1) increase in trade
(2) colonization of the Americas
(3) development of the manorial system
(4) economic decline
(1) Religious unity declines throughout Europe.
(2) The Catholic Counter-Reformation begins.
(3) The power of the Roman Catholic Church
(4) Martin Luther posts the Ninety-five Theses.
(1) argued against the establishment of a theocratic
(2) protested against the ideas of the Enlightenment
(3) died during the Reign of Terror
(4) challenged the teachings of the Catholic
(1) industrial growth
(3) textile production
(4) trans-Saharan trade routes
• Shakespeare’s sonnets circulated.
• Secular ideas spread.
Which innovation led directly to these
(1) printing press
(3) paper currency
(1) an increased interest in different cultures
(2) the development of slavery
(3) a reduction in trade
(4) the discovery of East Asia
• Wealthy patrons supported the arts and
• Humanism spread throughout western
Which period in European history is most closely
associated with these statements?
(1) Early Middle Ages
(2) Industrial Revolution
(4) Hellenistic Period
(1) Catholic Church no longer had any influence
(2) manor became the center of economic
(3) classical cultures of Greece and Rome were
revived and imitated
(4) major language of the people became Latin
(1) were based on the Bible
(2) contradicted traditional medieval European
(3) relied only on teachings from non-Christian
(4) were not supported by scientific investigations
• Martin Luther posts the Ninety-five Theses,
These events are most closely associated with the
(1) Protestant Reformation
(3) Age of Reason
(4) Puritan Revolution
(1) hunting and gathering
(2) farming and cattle ranching
(3) trading in salt and gold
(4) working in bronze and brass
(1) Leaders may use any method to achieve what
is best for the state.
(2) The general public always acts in its own best
(3) Pleasing all of the people at any given time is
(4) Leaders must always act for the common
(1) a decentralized political system
(2) religious diversity
(3) an increased emphasis on education
(4) the development of a wealthy middle class
(1) united with the Ottomans
(2) converted to Christianity
(3) freed from serfdom
(4) cut off from most of western Europe
(1) posting of the Ninety-five Theses
(2) decline in the power of the Roman Catholic
(3) sale of indulgences
(4) end of religious warfare
(1) keeps taxes and food prices low
(2) encourages education and the arts
(3) allows advisors to speak their minds
(4) does what is necessary to stay in power
(1) start of the Crusades
(2) spread of Islam
(3) growth of European imperialism
(4) rise of Arab nationalism
(1) help the ruler control his people
(2) guide the behavior of a warrior class
(3) benefit all the social classes
(4) support revolutionary ideas