(A) Lack of the necessary navigational and maritime technology
(B) Lack of European interest in African goods
(C) A prohibition on external trade by the Islamic states of North Africa
(D) Directives from the pope to limit Christian trade with Africa
(E) Fear of dying from tropical diseases
(A) Great Britain
(A) He outlawed the sale of all books by Karl Marx.
(B) He encouraged workers to fight the Jews.
(C) He imprisoned those who joined the Communist Party.
(D) He granted universal male suffrage and gave workers many social benefits.
(E) all of the above
(A) The Silk Road was destroyed.
(B) Russia fell under Mongol rule for over two centuries.
(C) China was governed by Khubilai Khan.
(D) Mongol armies reached the borderlands of Poland and Hungary.
(E) Much of the Middle East came under Mongol dominance.
(A) From the late 1700s to the mid-1800s, most of coastal East Africa experienced freedom from external control.
(B) Ethiopia's leaders were Christian.
(C) No major slave markets operated in East Africa.
(D) At one point, more than 40 percent of the population was made up of slaves.
(E) Arabs had gained a great deal of political influence.
(A) The Chinese and Mongols conquered parts of Southeast Asia at this time.
(B) The countries of Southeast Asia adopted Confucianism.
(C) The peoples of Southeast Asia began to adopt Christian ways.
(D) Democracy became a leading force in political change.
(A) Lawrence of Arabia's military campaigns there
(B) its control over Palestine
(C) its archaeological expeditions
(D) its majority of shares in the ownership of the Suez Canal
(E) Queen Victoria's marriage to an Egyptian prince
(C) Angkor Wat
(A) In most East European countries, revolutions were sparked by popular protest, whereas in the USSR, political elites largely caused the collapse.
(B) In the USSR, popular uprisings instigated the ultimate collaspe, whereas in Eastern Europe, political leaders decided to change the form of government.
(C) The USSR collasped purely for economic reasons, whereas in Eastern Europe, communist regimes collapsed mainly as a result of ethnic conflict.
(E) East European regimes collapsed as a result of economic exhaustion, whereas the USSR's breakdown was caused by ethnic warfare.
(E) The reasons for Soviet and East European collapse differed very little.