A) true government stems from religious authority.
B) the best form of government is a democracy.
C) governments are bound to the will of the people.
D) all government is inherently unjust. Humans are better off living in a state of nature.
E) church and state should be entirely separate.
A) the Stamp Act of 1708.
B) the Quartering Act.
C) the Declaration of Independence.
D) the Committee of Public Safety.
E) the Congress of Vienna.
A) returning freed slaves to Africa.
B) the confiscation of church property by the state.
C) universal suffrage for all men and women, regardless of race.
D) written constitutions and representative government.
E) all of the above.
A) the restoration of the French monarchy after the defeat of Napoleon.
B) limiting suffrage to men of property.
C) censorship as a reasonable means of preventing social unrest.
D) government support of the established church.
E) the United States.
A) at the Constitutional Convention.
B) concurrent with the antislavery movement.
C) after the Civil War, when women saw how freed slaves benefited from the vote.
D) not until the twentieth century.
E) none of the above.
A) his shock at a government order revoking the citizenship of all French Jews.
B) his shock at the army's persecution of Alfred Dreyfuss.
C) his frustrated desire to emigrate to America.
D) a religious revelation that European Jews should return to the Holy Land.
E) a wave of persecution against Jews living in the Ottoman empire.
A) he promised them a constitutional monarchy.
B) he was the rightful heir to the Holy Roman Empire.
C) the wars engineered by Bismarck generated strong nationalistic sentiment.
D) the Prussian army defeated all other claimants to the throne.
A) a staggering national debt.
B) accusation of treason against Louis XVI.
C) resentment at the privileges of the aristocracy.
D) the extravagance of Marie Antoinette and the court at Versailles.
E) the opportunity presented by the summoning of the Estates General.
A) France became a constitutional monarchy.
B) Church property was confiscated and clergy lost their privileged status.
C) Peasants were freed from the dues and services owed to their landlords.
D) All adult males were given the right to vote in national elections.
E) An elective, legislative body, the Convention, was established.
A) gained important property rights and the right to a divorce.
B) were proclaimed full citizens of the Republic.
C) lost economic power to their husbands.
D) were legally defined in terms of either their fathers or their husbands.
E) were granted the right to vote in national elections.
A) a liberal noble who supported the Third Estate.
B) a military hero.
C) an opponent of Robespierre.
D) a supporter of Marie Antoinette.
A) Eight hundred gens de couleur were veterans of the American revolution.
B) The large maroon population supported the revolution.
C) Toussaint Louverture was an effective strategist.
D) The revolutionaries had the support of British and Spanish forces.
E) The French army was struck down with yellow fever.
A) that Spanish colonial rule be replaced with an indigenous monarchy.
B) that ethnic nationalism be the basis of the new states.
C) the popular sovereignty.
D) the abolition of slavery and full male suffrage.
A) masters and slaves.
B) peninsulares and crioles.
C) European and indigenous peoples.
D) Europeans and mestizos.
E) colonial militias and European mercenaries.
A) political freedom but not social equality.
B) equality under the law but not political freedom.
C) freedom of expression but only for the aristocracy.
D) all the rights of citizenship proclaimed by the National Assembly.
E) the restoration of the ancien régime.