A) he alienated conservative Shia Muslims with his secular reforms.
B) he used CIA money to suppress all dissent.
C) he allowed western corporations to dominate the economy.
D) All of the above.
E) a and b, not c.
A) American aid resulted in widespread popular support for the United States.
B) the United States supported liberal revolutions against military dictatorships.
C) the United States supported military dictatorships that were anticommunist.
D) the United States insisted on human rights as a precondition for aid.
E) the United States conducted an anti-drug war.
A) the African National Congress became radicalized and more politically active after the Sharpeville massacre.
B) the international community imposed economic sanctions against South Africa.
C) President de Klerk convinced his party to dismantle the system and hold free elections.
D) the African National Congress provided a vehicle for resistance.
E) all of the above.
A) she pursued aggressive birth control policies.
B) she permitted an attack on Sikh extremists at the sacred Golden Temple.
C) she refused to consider the partition of Kashmir.
D) she insisted that untouchables be fully integrated into Indian society.
E) she suspended the constitution for two years and ruled without being elected.
A) the educated elite were persecuted, and China was deprived of their talent.
B) peasant farmers killed so many sparrows that the ecological balance was thrown off.
C) student demonstrators in Tiananmen Square were crushed by government troops.
D) the nation achieved industrialization within a generation.
E) the Red Guard was discredited.
A) he negotiated a peace settlement with Israel.
B) he succeeded in retaking the Suez Canal from the British.
C) he aligned Egypt with the United States.
D) he aligned Egypt with the Soviet Union.
E) he reclaimed the Sinai Peninsula from Israel.
A) their mandate had ended.
B) they could not resolve the conflict between Palestinians and Jews.
C) the United Nations demanded that they leave.
D) the Arab states demanded that they leave.
A) that France had no further jurisdiction in Vietnam.
B) that Vietnam would be temporarily divided at the 17th parallel.
C) that Ho Chi Minh and the communists would have control of North Vietnam.
D) that democratic elections would be held as soon as possible.
A) it would leave Hindu India surrounded by Muslim states.
B) it would deprive India of some of its most valuable land.
C) they mistrusted Muhammad Ali and the Muslim League.
D) they believed that India could be a successful multicultural state.
A) of a lack of vision or leadership among member states.
B) too few states attended the Bandung Conference to achieve consensus.
C) many nonaligned states needed and accepted aid from either the United States or Soviet Union.
D) many new states were afraid to alienate the United States.