(A) It controlled the Eastern Orthodox Church.
(B) Its monasteries preserved ancient manuscripts, and the Church provided cultural cohesion.
(C) It was led by Protestant reformers.
(D) Catholics joined with Jews in developing cities.
(E) none of the above
(A) It differed according to social class and geographical location.
(B) It tended to be the same across Europe, despite class differences.
(C) Women could serve as leaders in both the Catholic and Orthodox Christian churches.
(D) Aristocratic women all held some kind of political power.
(E) Women enjoyed the right to vote.
(A) English, Irish, Italians, Scandinavians
(B) Moors, Italians, Germans, Greeks
(C) English, Irish, Italians, Greeks
(D) Germans, Italians, French, Hungarians, and Slavs
(E) Italians only
(A) The Moors brought with them advanced knowledge of medicine and science.
(B) The Moors brought with them advanced knowledge of technology.
(C) The Moors Christianized Spain.
(D) The Moors provided a haven for Jewish scholars and professionals.
(E) The Moors profoundly affected Spanish art and architecture.
(A) The city offered increased cultural opportunities.
(B) Cities allocated more benefits to workers than rural areas.
(C) Guilds practiced affirmative action.
(D) City governments tended to be more tolerant.
(E) The growth of cities called for specialization of labor and the development of new skills.
(A) a belief that humans are sinful and should be forced to comply with Church dictates
(B) a type of atheism
(C) a belief that humans came to the earth from spaceships millions of years ago
(D) a conviction that humans descended from apes
(E) a conviction that being human is something to celebrate
I. They invented the wheel at this time.
II. The use of Arabic numerals became widespread.
III. Muslims contributed to human understanding of astronomy and mathematics.
IV. Several pieces of Islamic literature, including the Rubaiyat, are considered world masterpieces.
(A) I, II, III
(B) II, III, IV
(C) I and III only
(D) II and IV only
(E) all of the above
(A) the world's first telescope
(B) a celestial clock that used a chain-driven mechanism
(A) economic strength
(B) effective bureaucracy
(C) economic malaise
(D) renewed trade with the West
(E) the repairing of roads and canals
(A) the emperor
(B) the samurai
(C) the head of the Buddhist faith
(D) the shogun
(E) whichever noble clan assumed the position of chancellor
(A) peace for many hundreds of years
(B) the introduction of Islam
(C) the introduction of a caste system
(D) all of the above
I. the adoption of advanced law codes
II. the adoption of a written language
III. the adoption of new religious practices
IV. the adoption of nomadism
(A) I and II only
(B) II and III only
(C) I, II, and III
(D) II, III, and IV
(A) Other parts of the world were more democratic.
(B) Other parts of the world were more technologically advanced.
(C) This part of Africa was very ethnically and linguistically diverse, so there was little political interaction.
(D) There was little interaction among people in sub-Saharan Africa because there was nothing to trade.
(A) Zimbabwe dominated the East African slave trade.
(B) Zimbabwe's vast army gave it control over Central Africa.
(C) Zimbabwe was the first African state to trade with European merchants.
(D) Zimbabwe made great advantage of its wealth in gold and diamonds.
(E) Zimbabwe's library attracted a number of Muslim scholars.
I. Many of them built pyramids for religious rituals.
II. There was a significant degree of cultural and religious continuity among them.
III. They often were politically disunited.
IV. There was a high level of trade and economic interaction among the various peoples.
(A) I, II, and III
(B) II, III, and IV
(C) II and III only
(A) highly developed written language
(B) clan organization
(C) the practice of animal husbandry
(D) use of wool to make clothing and other woven goods
(E) the keeping of financial records