(A) Nobles were smarter than commoners.
(B) Monarchs did not believe that commoners could think strategically.
(C) The weapons and equipment required for the knighthood were too costly for anyone but members of the nobility.
(D) Only noblemen could serve as foot soldiers (knights-in-training).
(E) none of the above
(A) It was discontinued by the 700s C.E.
(B) Serfs were allowed to own land.
(C) The basic unit of feudal landholding was the village.
(D) Feudalism led to major class differences in society.
(E) Feudalism embraced the practice of chivalry.
(B) the Arabian Peninsula
(A) was the most complex world map of its kind
(B) sailed to India with a crew of only seven and a cat
(C) granted English nobles certain rights and privileges
(D) granted English commoners voting rights
(A) political entanglement of the English and French royal families
(B) competition over the wool trade
(C) France's wish to gain additional English lands
(D) Mongol invasions
(E) All of the above were causes
(A) racial and religious prejudice
(B) geopolitical conflict between Europe and the Middle East
(C) the Black Death
(D) religious fervor
(E) the personal greed of many Europeans to gain wealth and land
(A) was a trade union based in the Mediterranean region
(B) fought in the Middle East during the Crusades
(C) was a powerful banking house in Italy
(D) dominated trade in the Baltic region
(E) traded in diamonds
(A) all lacked property rights
(B) had equality before the law, especially in matters of reproductive rights
(C) had some legal protections, but their rights often depended on where they lived and which class they belonged to
(D) could become members of the clergy
(E) could enter religious life only in Orthodox Byzantium
(E) Art Nouveau
(A) a revolution
(B) a gradual but significant change in cultural and intellectual ideas and trends
(C) a sudden explosion of new ideas in the arts, sciences, and scholarly pursuits
(D) a radical shift in what was once practice in the arts