• Western Europe 600-1450 COT

    Posted by Paul Davis on 11/20/2017

    Hey WHAP'ers,

                      Today we familiarized ourselves with the term "backwater" and had the old country mouse city mouse debate over competing narratives. In this case, Western Europe was more the country mouse living in somewhat isolated feudalism, fearful of offending God and often made up of 90% poor iliterate peasantry while the Chinese and Muslim world were the urbane mouse living advanced sophisticated existences though learning and long dstance trade. History if often a horese race and by 1450, Western Europe was lagging behind in last place although had just recently joined. The crusades, Mongol reopening of the silk routes and comercial revolution saw Europe reintroduced to ideas which were being utilized by the Muslim and Chinese worlds for centuries. The most dynamic ideas were 40 degrees noth latitude in what historian Linda Schaeffer refers to as "Southernization while Muslim and Chinese worlds will dominate, Europe wouls eventually crash that party. So today's narrative is a view as to what Europe did to join the race....

    I. FRom 600-1450 in Western Europe the increase in trade would see the rise of a new class which would challenge the supremecay of the nobility, the consolidation of kingdoms through wars would see developments in borders and even government, however, the role of the Catholic church would persevere as a means to save souls and unify a still decentralized Western Europe.

    II. The bourgeosie would facilitate the new trade coming from the "East" by commencing in new trading towns forming guilds and regulating everything from price to the interest on loans now relaxed by the church. This commercial revolution saw the increase in wealthy cities and excercised joint stock companies to use wealth derived from trade to finance other commercial expeditions including that of Marco Polo.

    III. Wars to consolidate Kingdoms from teh Spanish reconquista to the 100 years war would secure Kingdom borders and even create innovative limits on monarchal power like the Magna Carta. Innovations in warfare and governance would increase in importants for kings to consolidate power across the manors and limits placed on those who weilded too much power to enumerate rights of teh land holding elites.

    IV. 30 per cent of landholders was teh Catholic church who utilized the Papal ifallability to collect meny for indulgences, tithings and even remission of sins. Having sway over all adherents in Western Europe and providing a worldview in a time of chaos and warfare, the church continued ro provide guidance and aid in monasteries, churches and record keeping through the 7 sacraments. 

    Well, I hope you read ch 10 and never forget to always be awesome!!!!!! 

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  • Middle East COT 600-1450

    Posted by Paul Davis on 11/18/2017

    Dearest WHAP'ers,

                     Here I sit as Connor sleeps reading another textbook called Th Earth nad its Peoples  by Bulliet and many others. It is a seventh edition of a textbook that is utilized by other WHAP classes around the world (yes, people take WHAP in other countries as well at American schools). I did'nt want to make Strayer jealous but wanted to get a grip on what others are reading about in Dar Al Islam ( gotta see what your competition is up to). His conclusion on page  266 of chapter 9 was that the Persian Sassanid and Byzantine empires in the 7th century held sway with dominant religios which "forged strong relations between the ruler and dominant religion". He mentions that this caused conflict between these two empires leading to division and a vacuum of authority which gave rise to Islam under the leadership of Muhammad. This reminded me of the Conrad-Demarest model of the rise of empires. Islam took adavantage of the vacuum and after Muhammad died the Ummuyaad and later Abbasid took the environmental mosaic that was the trade routes, adopting ideas from Persian bureaucracy to Greco-Roman Indian Scholarship and trading negotiations which would include items like joint stock companies, banking and checking caravanaseris, the use of the Dhow and lateen sail for trade connection across the seven seas ( Persian Gulf,Indian Ocean,Red Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Arabian Sea and Caspian Sea) and a period of golden age punctuated by tolerance ( Dimmi), laws ( Sharia) and unity ( Umma) that transcened color, language and ethnicity. As you probably remember from Friday's class, that which goes up invariably comes crashing down. This not only happens with teh Abbasid reversing patterns of tolerance, elevating the status of women and hiring corrupt advisers who would unscrupliously use the wealth for their own decadent reasons. Ultimately, nomadic invaders like the Turks and Mongols would by the deathknell for these once great Empires as Berbard Lewis will identify in the book "What went Wrong".  Professor Lewis has been targeted by some for teh purpose of minimizing Islam's role in the world today working for the government perhaps for the purpose of sending troops to Iraq in 2001 . There are always individuals who claim scholarly articles and books have a purpose for something other than the historical inquiry as we have seen 19th century scholars maintain an Eurocentric tone while others have a very biblical analysis. Its always important to realize and look for the varied perspective and multiple viewpoints historical before you come to your own decision. Well, enough of my stream of consciousness its time to provide what you are looking for...

    I From 600-1450 in teh Middle East the banner of Islam would maintain religious and cultural unity despite political fragemntation, trade would increase due to the regulation of trade and Muslim diasporic communities and the once great Golden Age of Islam in the Abbasid Caliphate would crumble and fall due to the reversal of tolerance, elevation of women and corruption of rulers.

    II. The Muslim Umma or community would transcend cultural and language boundaries and unite its adherents through the 5 pilars, hadith, Koran and Sharia. These concepts provided stability, order and followers to identify themselves not as being led by a ruler but followers of a larger relgious coommunity uniting all society.

    III. Trade which existed over the Mediterranean and Silk and Indian routes would now incraese amongst Muslim diasporic communities in South Asia, West Africa, Central Asia and West Europe governed and managed by the laws and culture of Islam. Individuals would redistribute wealth through the Zakat ( charity) and would feel welcome as merchant travelers and greeted in Mosques and Madrassas ( schools) where trade would be fair and regulated using innovations like banking, joint ventures, and shipping utilizingdhows with their lateen sails.

    IV. The rise of the Abbasid and all its innovations in science, math, trade, agriculture and justice would be reversed by Harun Al Rashd's decadents lifestyle, corrupt adviserss like Jafar and the seclusion of the women in the harem. The inability to propeerly maintain the day to day management of governing an empire by administering justice and fair taxation led to the fragmentation after his death with harem political infighting, agricultural degradation and the final blow of nomadic invaders leading to the toppling of the Caliphate and the assassination of the last Caliph by the nomads.

    Well, I hope you find this helpful. Don't forget that a COT can be throughout the time periodization where you may pick and choose what supports your argument through evidence and analysis ( thats what I hope you find liberating and makes you a better writer). Practice makes better and while my writing is not very good, it just illustrtates that one should consistenly read and write with consistent practice. Thats  just my two cents so have a great weekend and don't forget to be awesome!!!!! Ok Connor is up now its time to continue the real job....parenting!!!!!



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  • Comparing Islam 600-1450

    Posted by Paul Davis on 11/15/2017

    Hey WHAP'ers,

                    Islam was a strong belief system spreading along trade routes, offering the promise of salvation, uniting a community of followers(Umma). The merchant diasporic communites would reconvene in thriving trade entropots(cities) located along the Indian Ocean, Trans-Sahara, Silk Roads, Mediterranean and appeal to provide laws(Sharia) worlviews ( 5 pillars)  and a lingua franca ( unifying language) Arabic. Its uncanny ability to adopt and adapt was probably facilitated by jurist (Ulema) and judges (Ulema) interpretation of these laws and it taking a stance on universalizing and benefitting indivisduals wherever it went elevating the status of women, nomads and even slaves ( a Muslim could not enslave a fellow Muslim and the Zakat would often grant manuymission or freedom from enslavement). It ability to take advances in science, mathematics and literature from the Classical Greco-Roma, Persian and Indian world and advance upon those ideas in Arabic led to a global golden age with teh House of Wisdom situated in Baghdad ( MIddle East). Muslim merchants would traverse maritime and overland routes to visit cities of interest with a welcome mosque calling all to prayer unifying travelers no matter the race, ethnicity or religion as Jews and Christians were granted Dhimmi status (people of the book) payinh the jizy ( non-Muslim head tax. With that said, let;s try a comparative:

    I From 600-1450 in West Africa and South Asia Islam would spread along lucrative trade routes where Muslim diasporic communities would give rise to state-Sponsored Islam, the Islamic scholarship would adopt and adapt greak works of the classical world to facilitate learning throughout the region , however, the appeal of Islam would elevate the status of Women in India ending Sati in areas while Africa's status was already elevated through matrilineal bridewealth.

    II. The Trans-Saharan and Indian Ocean trade would connect Muslim diasporic communities and increase leading to the rise of Kingdoms like Mali in Africa and the Delhi Sultanate in India providing justice  through Sharia and regulating trade. Islam served to provide judges and jurists to fairly dole out the regulation of governace in regions which were formely decentralized and now connected through Islam and trade.

    III. Th eadopting of Indian medicine and mathematics advanced knowldge of the world and Mansa Musa's pilgrimage bringing back engineers and doctors made learning more connected through Islamic scholarship. Muslim scholars would study in schools (Madrassas) great works from Greece, Rome and India on philosophy and math and science to grow closer to Allah to unlock the mysteries of the universe.

    IV. Women's status would be unchanged in Sub-Saharan Africa alraedy elevated through brideweath ( dowrys opposite) and matrilineal socities where inheritance was determined by the mother's bloodline while the rejection of Sati and childbrides found a great appeal in India seeing millions converting. Women in Africa were great earners prior to the advent of Islam in cattle raising when Ibn Battuta ( a Musim judge) was aghast at how women spent time alon with men who were not their husbands while the restrictive code of Manu led many to find the right for women to own businesses and divorce in the Sharia a breathe of fresh air.

    Well then, I hope this helps. There have been 94 hits so maybe some are using thsi blog. oh, don't forget to be awesome!!!!!!!

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  • Comparing Europes 600-1450

    Posted by Paul Davis on 11/9/2017

    OK here we go:

    I. From 600-1450 Eastern Europe and Western Europe were divided over religous ideology and leadership because of the Great Schism of 1054, trade prospered greatly in the Eastern Byzantine on the long distance trade of the silk routes, Black sea and mediterranean while Western Europe would migrate to rural manorialism gaining self-sufficiency on themanor and limiting trade. One characteristic that they both shared was dedication and devotion to their Christian faith despite other demoninations were quite often excluded.

    II. The Easter Orthodox and Roman Catholic Church disagreed over the use of icons ( iconoclastic controversy), language of the church ( Greek or Latin), role of clery ( priests marry or not) and role of church and state ( Ceasaropapism vs Papal infallability). The disagreeents would lead to the Pope in the West and the Patriarchy of the East excommunicating each other creating lasting divisions which could not even be solved with an attempt at unity through the crusades (4th created greater divisions)

    III. Regional feudal islotion became a practice in Western Europe due to constant invasions by Moors, Magyars and Vikings while trade would extend throught the Western terminus f the silk route ( Constantinople) even extending Black Sea trade to Russian Principalities. The slef sufficiency of the manor and teh reciprocal relationships facilitated success which would work for Western Eurpean kingdoms for centuries whil the Byzant would be the dominant gold coin utilized in the East for similar centuries.

    IV. Christianity would lead to a reversal of fortune for both regeion as the tremendous faith in Christianity and the want for salvation in the afterlife would briefly unite these regions against the common enemy ( Seljuk Turks) to free the holy land of Jerusalem so that Christian pilgrims could visit the land of Christ. Daily life was consumed with prayer, religious piety and the desire to follow their Christian faith so many were religiously inspired to fight in the name of God and the cross (Crusades) to gain entrance into the kingdom of Heaven.

    I hope this helps, don't forget to thank a veteran Saturday and don't forget to be awesome!!!!!!

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  • sinification and Japan, Korea and Vietnam

    Posted by Paul Davis on 11/8/2017

    Dearest WHAP'ers,

                I was genuiniely plaesed with the first no notes daily quiz today. It illustrated a sense of motivation, imerative to focus and use of resources. I hoped that the blog, notes and chapter 8 were helpful and that you are doing work outside of class ( even writing the full quiz as I have done) to practice your skill sets of thesis development, evidentiary support and critical analysis. Th etopic of hegemoy will come up often in this class and sometimes we will look at dynamic powers as a sort of "who is in first place?" type of scenario. Often a historian looks at societies to help determine what did the society do which contributed to their power or the opposite. As President Trum spends time in South Korea, Japan and China and Vietnam on Friday, we can look at competing powers today to identify if China is as Napoleon put it " the sleeping dragin awakening" and restoring their perceived place as domiant in East Asia ( Japan and South Korea recently have illustrated their concern over China's development of islands in the South  China sea). One could argue, Trum is going to East Asia to remind of U.S hegemony as Great Britain did in the late 19th century ( see Opium Wars). IN any event, China had many things Japan, Korea and Vietnam wanted 600-1450 and needed something in return. I will spare you all the Regina George metaphors and encourage you to look up comparing sinification to "Mean Girls" on Youtube. Here we go:

    I. From 600-1450 in both Japan and Korea the adoption of Chinese culture was facilitated by the appeal of Buddhist ideology and culture, both failed to adopt the civil service bureaucracy and fell in feudal decentralized structures yet Japan would be free of Chinese intervention due to its geographic location while Korea would be subjugated as the vassal state of Silla.

    II. The appeal of the ending of suffering and living under an 8-fold path of moderation and the attainment of Nirvana led to the building of Buddhist monateries and statues throughout Japan and Korea. The chaos and bloodshed of feudal chaos and constant warfare often sought solace in the simplicity and discipline of leading a monastic life and reverence for all due to lack of restrictions for women and peasants.

    III. An attempt by bothe Korea and Japan to establish a civil service bureaucracy failed in Japan's Taika reforms and the trbute paid by the Kingdom of the Silla and , instead , maintained feudal structures. The local governance of warlords exchanging land in return for loyalty and service predominated Korea and Japan with regional disputes trumping centralized peace.

    IV. Japan's location across the sea of Japan prevented any indirect or direct control by China instead establishing Shogunates and maintaining their Shinto identity and adopting and adapting Chinese culture while the trbutary vassal state of the Silla would be subjugated to indirect control by the Tang Dynasty in Korea. Japan could not easily be reached directly by mainland China and, therefore, focused on their own identity as teh land of the rising sun with the Emperor being the son of the sun goddess Ameratasu while Korea's Kingdom of Silla in signing a tributary pact would gain a favorable state status with Tang China in return for admittal of Chinese superiority as well as paying resources in land and labor.


    Well, I hope this helps. Don't forget to be awesome!!!!!!

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  • no notes COT Post-Classical China

    Posted by Paul Davis on 11/7/2017

    Hey WHAP'ers,

                    As you have off today for Electiob day I will throw in a China influence. IN the 16th century Jesuit Missionary Matteo Ricci entered the Ming Dynasty and shared Christian ideas, calendar making and built schools. In return, he learned about the Mandate of Heaven and concepts of Neo-Confucianism. The idea that when a government does not come from the consent of the governed and that the people have the right to rebel ( or vote for another candidate) may have been borne in China for teh most part. This concept helped pass post-classical Sui-Tang-Song-Yuan and Eraly Ming. Although you may discuss some or all of thesee dynasties for your quiz, my focus was on what some consider China's Renaissance. Note: it happened 800 years before Europe's and included many contributions in the form of banking, paper money, letters of credit, guilds, infrastructure like the Grand Canal to support trade, the establishment of mutiple tributary states like Korea's kingdom of the Silla and was hegemonic ( dominnat politically, economically and culturally in the Eastern and SE Easern Asian region). While te pendulum would swing from Buddhist patronization, women's elevation and extensive territorial expansion to paying nomads tribute, combining Buddhism with Confucianism and Taoism into Neo-Confucianism and binsing of women's feet in the Song Dynatsy, the subsequent reverberations would maintain a staple of Chinese political, economic and social culture. So here we go:

    I From 600-1450 in China, predominant meritocracy would help organized bureaucracy with the civil service exam, however, reaction to elevated wommen's status would see their roles incraesingly constricted through footbinding and the economic advances would illustrate the worlds first commercial revolution with teh establishment of banks, paper currency and letters of credit.

    II. A well-qualified bureaucracy where individuals worked for the purpose of doing a job well-done seemed to satisfy both the realtions of the 5 relationships and ensured a well-run Dynsty to continue maintaining the Mandate of Heaven. Individuals who would pass this rigorous examination would benefit the government by performing their duties to the best of their abilities which happened to be proven by their scholarly aptitude.

    III. Women whose subservience was reinforced by Confucianism and Ban Zhou's "the adminition of women" saw a reversal of fortune briefly under the only female ruler (Empress Wu) but served to frighten patriarchal China into a backlash of binding girl's feet to render them immobile and unable to peerform duties outside the house. The culture of Chian caught onto this process and young girls recieved higher dowry paymets for bound feet and the "Golden Lotus" became the most coveted size 3 inch shoe which signified ideal beauty.

    IV. State sponsorship of the economy (monopoly) sought to control financial affairs to garner more revenue for the bourgeoning sizable populations ( champa rice?) so they began creating ways like craeting paper currency, banking institutions and guilds to incraese the wealth of China with the new economic focus. Thses institutions would allow the transfer of goods, payment of taxes and generation of the support for businesses ( silk production, porcelain production, laquerware production) to bring more wealth and favorable balance of trade to post-classical China.

    Good-luck with no notes, use charts, ch 8 take more notes, multple choice do nows and thesis statements in back as well as asking me any questions to get you through. I know you can do it, just needsmore effort. Don't forget to be awesome!!!!!!

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  • trick or treat: The Death of Classical Empires

    Posted by Paul Davis on 10/31/2017

    Hey WHAP'ers,

                   As I get ready to put the kids trick or treating stuff together, I just wanted to quickly put together a daily quiz on the decline and fall of two classical Empires. While I fully expect most of you to do the Han ad Rome because it was completely laid out today, I will choose the Greeks and Chin. It is important to utilize the Conrad-Demarest wherever you can for we will cover at least 50 empires this year and it is a formula which normally works. Its seems as if history repeats itself and that one reason for decline and fall, sprals downwardly to create a domino effect of one after the one. There rarely is just one reason for anything and that holds true for the decline and Fall of Empires. Are We Rome? It is scary to look at the similarities and only time will tell as to the comparisions but it is not too late. There is plenty to hold that we are Rome during its epic Pax period and not a long downward spiral. Here we go:

    I From 600 B.C.E-600 C.E both the Greek Poleis and Chin Dynasty fell due to violent insurrections and internal warfare, however Greece's connection to Mediterranean trade whilst the Chin's isolation protected it against disease and While the Athenian ideal of democracy would give voice to a population protecting it against rebellion, the legalist nature of the Chin Dynasty would watch its disintegartion and the rise of teh Han Dynasty.

    II. Violence and warfare contribute to a deatsbilizing force and the Pelloponesian Wars and China's warring states after the death of Chin Shi Huang Ti would see the increasing violence lead to regime changes like the Macedonians in Greece and the Han Dynasty in China. Often a stronger more dynamic power will wait for a political vacuum to establish itself when a likely regime change would eb the reult to provide order and law to the destabilized chaos.

    III. The Periclean plague in Athens would contribute to the deaths of many Athenian citizen named after its greatest ruler while Chin Dynasty would be protected against epidemic disease due to their regional isolation of the Gobi, Himalaya and the Pacific. The downside of the control of lucrative trade routes and densely populated urban ceneters is the liklihood of the spread of disease contributing to a loss of tax base, military might and faith in the government which happened in Athens while China did not experience this faith and, instead focused more on the punitive nature of Chin Shi Huan Ti's rule.

    IV. The state-sponsored philosophy of legalism was overly punitive and caused massive rebellions in the Chin Dynasty after the death of Chin Shi Huang Ti while the one remaining ideology which persisted from Greece to Rome was the democratic ideal of people making their own governmental decisions. While might may make right, the harshness of legalism would see it take a backseat to Confucianism in the Han Dynaty to provide a good natured view of mankind similar to the hopes of Athenian Direct democracy paving the way for a more efficient representative (trepublic) democracy providing citizenry with hope for the future and putting off serious rebellion for centuries.

    I hope this helps, happy Halloween and don't forget to be awesome!!!!!

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  • No more paternity just nomads

    Posted by Paul Davis on 10/29/2017

    Hey WHAP'ers,

                 The whole weekend is going by and I have'nt posted my blog yet. It has been a busy Halloween Weekend from trunk or treats to parades to decorating and I even got a chance to go to the soccer game (great season Dubset). I was thinking about the nomads and how they have traditionally been the pastoralists whose geography did not favor settlement. They usually did not have the advantage of large populations, writing, accumulating many posessions and were constantly in flux being on the move wherever their most recent food source was. Quite often, those food sources were within the Classical Empires. Both the Germanic tribes and Huns were interested in goods from the Classical Empires ( notably Rome). As nomads, they were quite adept at siege warfare constantly comperting over scarce resources but were often proven to be useful as merchants, converts to universalizing religions or just a contributing member of society paying taxes, serving the military or as a laborer. Not always were they the brutes, savages and barbarians that the Classical Empires would have you think. As I said in class, it is quite important to view history from multiple perspectives. In any event, here is a stab at the quiz tomorrow:

    I From 600 B.C.E-600 C.E both the Hunas and Germanic tribes served to contribute to the decline and fall of Classical Empires, both were veiwed as savage and barbaric with scorn and fear, however while the Huns would extort funds from the Roman Empire, the Germanic tribes would assimilate encompassing almost half of  Rome's military.

    II. With overextension of terrotorial boundaries, classical Empires like Rome and Han would be attacked by the Ostrogoths and the Hsung Nu leading to their decline and fall. Along with corruption, natural disasters and disease, most historians claim the deathknell for classical empires were when the "barbarians were at the gate" and great cities like Rome and Chang An were razed (burnt to the ground).

    III. With the inability to read and write and often speaking diferent languages and practicing different cultures, classical empires like Rome, Han and Gupta often ethnocentrically referred to groups like the Huns and Germanic tribes as barbaric and savage. This xenophobic behavior would often contribute to immigration policies and lead to a general fear and mistrust of groups along the periphery of empir.

    IV. Often Germanic tribes would look to assmilate to the Roman Empire out of a want for a better way of life which included strong infrastructure, clean drinking water and courts of law while the Huns cared very little for teh creature comforts of "civlized" life but instead wished to bilk gold and silver from Rome's treasury. Possbly because the Germanic tribes were driven into the Roman Empire by the Huns that they desired a more stable lifestyle while the conquering, sacking and extorting by the Huns may have just been a successful way of gettting the respect they so desparately desired. 

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  • Last Day of Paternity leave

    Posted by Paul Davis on 10/26/2017

    Dearest WHAP'ers,

                Today is bittersweet as it is my last day alone with the boy and I have mixed feelings. For one, I am elated that I get to spend full time with you and get the much needed face time required to truly work on WHAP and get those skill sets in order. Another is that my little Connor will be going off to daycare and will move onto the next phase of his 111 day old life. I really enjoyed sharing him as I brought him in and now you have a face to go along with the stories of how sleep deprived I am. With that said, I don't really know if I will blog anymore. Surely 192 of you have at least read and perhaps utilized it so I may continue. Please provide me feedback either in comments here or personally tomorrow if I should continue and, if so, what I can do better to provide what you need for this course. I am thankful for that. Now to the topic at and.... Classical trade routes. One thing we have learned is that the world was created by trade ( I even have a book by that name by Pomeranz and Topic). It provides the historian a portal to look at the powers who were in control, the commodoties which were highly valued, the geography which was territorially manipulated, the technologies which helped and were spread and the values and ideas which guided people, languages, religions/philosophies and players like merchants, maruders, missionaries and mites ( diseases spread too). As you filled out the chart today, you might have remembered that we covered trade in UNit ! ( just like beleif systems, unequal societies, political systems etc.) and that now trade is getting bigger, involved larger groups of people and travelled across oceans and continents ( Tans or interregional trade) while the American network ( Turquiose road) will get larger but less vast than AFROEURASIA. Lets do the quiz for tomorrow now:

    I From 600 B.C.E-600 C.E both the Silk Road and Indian Ocean will include multiple Empires of a variety of ethnic and religious groups, both will see the trade of integral luxury commodities which will garner merchants tremendous wealth, however, the Silk routes will rely more heavily on Caravans of camels while the Indian Ocean will employ the lateen sail to manipulate the seasonal monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean.

    II. The Roman Empire, Han Dynasty, Persian Empire and Gupta Empire will all benefit from the Maritime and Overland trade of the Indian Ocean and Silk routes where Arab, Turkish, Persian, Germanic, Hun , Han and so many others will meet along cities like Chang An, Persepolis, Cairo and Constantinople to trade. The great Classical Empires will provide army and navy might to ensure that trade along these networks was safe and that goods could be carried from market to market without toomuch fear of bandits or pirates.

    III. Commodities like silks, spices, perfumes and dyes will travel by ship and caravan along networks where noamads and merchants would garner tremendous wealth over the lucrative items elites will pay a heavy price to illustrate their great wealth or noble heritage. The great expense of getting these scarce commodities coupled with the risks of investors and merchants would fetch a heavy price and serve as a great reward for merchants and Empires with tarrifs.

    IV. The advancements of caravans and the inns they stopped in ( caravanaseri)  might be unpredictable with the shifting sands along the silk routes would be dramatically different than the Dhows and lateen sails fashioned by Indian Ocean sailors who utilized a much more predictable monsoon winds to get goods to market. The Indian Ocean basin provided for a more oderly pattern of trading months ( South in the Winter/North in the Summer) while the Silk Routes were less reliant on seasons to get goods across pathways often stopping along the way.

    I hope this helps, I look fowrad to seeing you all tomorrow and wish to thank Mr. Davidson for doing such an awesome job these past 18 days. Speaking of awesome, don't forget to be awesome!!!!!!!


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  • Day 16 paternity leave and post quarterly feedback

    Posted by Paul Davis on 10/25/2017

    Hey WHAP'ers, 

                Well, I came in for lunch and read and reviewed per 2 and 3 and their quarterlies. I am pleased to say that most were well written, may utilized the A.C.E formula and the time seemed to be utilized quite well. As usual, there are some areas in need of improvement and we will work on that moving forward. Some of you were vague with the examples you provided with some just being anaccurate. Many seemed to be rushed for time and will need to work on time management as the WHAP exam will have you do 3 of these in 40 minutes for 20% of your test. The usual periodization, theme, continuities and changes and similarities and differences. Perhaps I should mark A.C and E on the paper to organize your arguments nad illustrate how many sentences minimum you need ( there should have been 24 sentences minimum in today's quarterly) or perhaps a formula like A.One way in which ( reword to answer the question) in _______________________ C. One example of ( reword to answer the question ) is ( detailed evidence which answers the question). E. The reasons why it ( answers the questions ) is becaues( detailed explanation as to why it supports the question). Remmeber if it asks for one, there are three snetences and if it asks for two there are six sentences. The last area of concern is teh analytical point where many lost points. Often on a daily quiz a student will start the analytical portion with "this shows that..." which does not really satisy the answer. One might start with " the reasons these examples illustrate their similarities is because they both( fill in a descriptive explanation why)". Clearly, analysis is a point we will all need to strengthen as it is pretty much school-wide. Just some feedback moving forward. zdon't forget to be awesome!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ohand here's another thesis for tomorrow

    I From 600 B.C.E-600 C.E in Latin America and East Asia, the Maya civilization would have decentralized political city-states where the Chin and Han Dynasties would be centralized, state sponsorship of polytheistx relighe Maya would differ vastly from the state sponsored Confucianism of the Han Dynasty, however, the Maya and Han would both engage in massive building projects utilizing both forced and ocal labor.

    II. The apital of Changan ) eternal Peace) would be the centralized location of regionAL BUREAUCRATIC ADMINISTRATION OF THE HAN DYNASTYwhile the densley covered jungle would have competitive city-states like Tikal and Chichen Itza in the Maya. Through the legalist centralization of the Chin and the meritocratic control over the Han, China's mandatre of Heaven would force one centralized dynastic rule while the Mya's mother culture of the Olmecs would start a pattern that would continue due to the thick rainforests of the Yucatan peninsula

    III. The Maya's belief in Gods like Tlaloc the rain God and Quetzacoatly the feather serpent God helped to explain the world through creation myths like popl vuh while the philosophies of Confucianism, Taoism and Legalism served as a world view absent Gods to explaiin morality and virtue. The volatility of weather patterns of the maya insisted on religious explanation while the philosophical view of mankind with nature and each other served the governments of the Qin and Han.

    IV. The belief systems of the respective societies would erect massive temples like the Mayan Temple of Chichen Itza and the Fortification of the Great Wall in China. These building projects commanded massive forced labor and illsutrated the role of government and engineering to build these massive edifices to unite the masses under protection and/or praise.

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